What are the crops grown in wet zone in Sri Lanka?
Other crops cultivated in the low country wet zone are the root and tuber crops (coleus and sweet potato), and vegetables such as long bean, bitter gourd and okra (Figure 4). Banana is the major fruit crop grown in this area.
What is the most profitable cultivation in Sri Lanka?
Rice cultivation is the most important economic activity for the majority of the people living in rural areas and it is the main crop. In Sri Lanka, the primary form of the agriculture industry is rice production. In Sri Lanka, Tea is cultivated in the central highlands and is the main source of foreign exchange.
How many types of fruit are there in Sri Lanka?
Produced by autonomous clusters of farmers, around eighty different varieties of fruit and vegetables are grown in Sri Lanka’s varied agro-climatic areas.
How many zones are there in Sri Lanka?
The island is traditionally divided into three climatic zones viz. ‘dry’ , ‘intermediate’ and the ‘wet zone’ (Figure 1), based on seasonal rainfall.
How many climatic zones are in Sri Lanka?
Sri Lanka with its tear-dropped shape is dominated by the astonishingly varied features of topography, making it one of the most scenic places in the world. Three zones can be divided by its distinguished elevation: the central highland, the plains, and the coastal belt.
How many agro climatic zones are there in Sri Lanka?
On rainfall distribution, Sri Lanka has traditionally been classified into three climatic zones viz, the Wet Zone, Dry Zone and Intermediate Zone.
Which crop is famous in Sri Lanka?
Sri Lanka’s primary food crop is rice. Rice is cultivated during two seasons. Tea is cultivated in the central highlands and is a major source of foreign exchange. Fruit, vegetables, and oilseed crops are also cultivated in the country.
Where is green gram grown Sri Lanka?
The mid-season cultivation is practiced in Sri Lanka successfully but was new to the Ehetuwewa area in the Kurunegala District. In this backdrop, a group of farmers in Hunugallewa, Ehetuwewa, trialed out green gram cultivation in mid-season, after “Maha” season in 2018.
Do oranges grow in Sri Lanka?
In Sri Lanka ‘bibile’ is famous for green oranges. They are grown in most parts of the country too. The fruit is green in color and even when it is ripe it is green. During the season, green orange trees are a beautiful sight to visitors.
What is the best fruit in Sri Lanka?
Thambili. Also known as the King Coconut, the orange thambili is one of the most prized fruits of Sri Lanka.
Which is the national fruit of Sri Lanka?
List of national fruits
|Country||Common name||Scientific name|
|Seychelles||Coco de mer||Lodoicea|
|Sri Lanka||Jackfruit||Artocarpus heterophyllus|
What is the most popular fruit in Sri Lanka?
The most famous of the Sri Lankan fruits is surely the mangosteen.
What are the 3 relief zones in Sri Lanka?
Although Sri Lanka is a small island, it has distinct relief features. The three main relief zones in Sri Lanka are the mountainous area located in the centre of the country, the intermediate plains and the coastal plain. These relief zones consist of complex relief features which are different from each other.
How many zones are there in Colombo?
Colombo city has been sub divided into 15 zones.
How many educational zones are there in Sri Lanka?
Sri Lanka’s education structure is divided into five parts: primary, junior secondary, senior secondary, collegiate, and tertiary.
What is the driest place in Sri Lanka?
Sri Lanka receives ample annual rainfall between 965.2mm (38″) and 2540mm (100″). The northwest and the southeast are the driest, while the southwestern region is the wettest.
What are the human activities in dry zone?
Paddy cultivation and chena cultivation are the major activities in the Dry Zone. The most significant problem is the water scarcity.
What are the 24 agro ecological zones in Sri Lanka?
- Wet Zone Up Country – 139807 ha.
- Wet Zone Mid Country – 315534 ha.
- Wet Zone Low Country – 818733 ha.
- Intermediate Up Country – 157162 ha.
- Intermediate Mid Country – 342395 ha.
- Intermediate Low Country – 1004431 ha.
- Dry Zone Low Country – 3562616 ha.
What is agro climatic zone?
An “Agro-climatic zone” is a land unit in terms of major climates, suitable for a certain range of crops and cultivars. … Agro-climatic conditions mainly refer to soil types, rainfall, temperature and water availability which influence the type of vegetations.
What is ecological zone?
An Ecological Zone (EZ) is defined as: “A zone or area with broad yet relatively homogeneous natural vegetation formations, similar (not necessarily identical) in physiognomy. Boundaries of the EZs approximately coincide with the map of Köppen-Trewartha climatic types, which was based on temperature and rainfall.
What is an agro-ecological zones?
Agro-ecological zone: a geographical unit defined in terms of climate, geomorphology and soils, and/or vegetation cover and having a specific range of. potentials and constraints for land use.
What vegetables grow in Sri Lanka?
There are two main groups of vegetables grown in Sri Lanka based on the agro-ecological adoptability. The upcountry (hilly areas) vegetables constitute crops such as cabbage, carrot, beetroot, cauliflower, knolkhol, bean, tomato, and capsicum which are grown on a commercial scale with high input use.
What is Chena in Sri Lanka?
Chena is regarded as the oldest form of cultivation in Sri Lanka, extending as far back as 5000 years in Sri Lankan history. … Chena cultivation in Sri Lanka was mainly practiced by men, however, women and children also extended their aid in various ways such as protecting crops from raiding birds and animals.
How many vegetables are in Sri Lanka?
Benefitted by diverse agro-climate conditions of various regions, Sri Lanka grows numerous varieties of vegetable crops (around 40 species) in different parts of the country throughout the year.
What is green gram called in English?
Mung bean (Vigna radiata) is a plant species of Fabaceae which is also known as green gram.
How many days does green gram take to grow?
Green gram seeds germinate fully 2-3 days after soaking with 1-2 cm long sprouts. Sprouts attain a length of about 5 cm or more in 4 to 5 days of soaking.
What is the Colour of green gram?
The green gram is a small, round olive green bean with a sweet flavor and soft texture. The mung or moong bean is the seed of Vigna radiata, belonging to the Indian subcontinent. These are commonly used in South-Asian cuisine. They are yellow in color once the skins are removed.
How do you grow sweet oranges?
If you are thinking about growing a sweet orange tree, ensure it is planted on the sunny side of your property where it can get as much sun as possible. Soil – orange trees thrive in loamy soil. Heavy clay soils will not allow for a strong root system and will cause sub-standard fruit production.
What are the seasonal fruits in Sri Lanka?
- Passion fruit. Passion fruit has a unique and remarkable taste. …
- Mango. Another one of the Sri Lanka exotic fruits is the mango. …
- Durian. Durian is either loved or hated. …
- Woodapple. This is another fruit that is not very popular although is commonly used to make a refreshing juice. …
- Rambutan. …
- Pineapple. …
- Banana. …
Are mangos seasonal?
Mangos are actually always in season here in the United States. … Haden mangos have some availability from mid-January to March, reach peak availability during March, April and early May, and have some availability in May, June, July, early August, mid-September, October, November and early December.
What is a jackfruit tree called?
The jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus), also known as jack tree, is a species of tree in the fig, mulberry, and breadfruit family (Moraceae).
Which country has the best fruit?
List of Largest Fruits Production Countries in the World by 2018
|Name of the Fruit||First Rank||Second Rank|
|Mango, Mangosteen, Guava||India||China|
Why is the jackfruit is the national fruit of Sri Lanka?
Why? The national fruit of Sri Lanka, jackfruit seeds were first imported to the island in the early 1900s from Malaysia by a man called Arthur V. Dias. Knowing that the value of the fruit and that it can be used to feed so many people, Dias was on a mission to plant a million trees to feed the Ceylonese people.
What are the mango varieties in Sri Lanka?
Sri Lanka: Dampara, Hingurakgoda, Karutha Kolomban, Malwana[under-ground] amba, Parrot Mango and Peterpasand, Petti amba, Rata amba, Vellai Kolomban, Wild Mango, Willard, Mee Amba, Kohu Amba, Pol Amba, Giraa amba, Red Willard, Green Willard, Mallika, TJC Mango.
What is Uguressa?
Uguressa is a small berry type fruit resembling an English plum. Garden Talk speaks to Director, Institute of Indigenous Medicine, Swarna Hapuarachchi about uguressa that has the botanical name Flacourtia Indica which is also known as governor’s plum or Indian plum. … The fruit is available in some supermarkets.
Is Gooseberry a berry?
The fruits of currants and gooseberry are true berries with the seeds enclosed in a fleshy pericarp. The berries are born in clusters, with every single fruit adjoined to the main strig by a short stem. The fruits ripen in order along the strig, the fruit closest to the branch first and the terminal last.
Can dragon fruit?
How to Eat Dragon Fruit – YouTube
What are the plateaus in Sri Lanka?
Central Highlands Plateau Highlights
- Horton Plains World’s End. With a drop of more than 800 metres, World’s End is an escarpment within the Horton Plains National Park. …
- Bambarakanda Falls. …
- Baker’s Falls.
How many provinces are there in Sri Lanka?
In Sri Lanka, districts are the second-level administrative divisions, and are included in a province. There are 25 districts organized into 9 provinces. Each district is administered under a District Secretary, who is appointed by the central government.
What are the three types of rainfall in Sri Lanka?
Rainfall in Sri Lanka has multiple origins. Monsoonal, Convectional and depressional rain accounts for a major share of the annual rainfall. The mean annual rainfall varies from under 900mm in the driest parts (southeastern and northwestern) to over 5000mm in the wettest parts (western slopes of the central highlands).
What is a wet zone?
The Wet zone is the wettest part of the country and where most of the rain-fed plantation crops as tea, rubber, and coconut are grown. … The Wet zone, similar to the Intermediate zone is also divided to low, mid, and up country Wet zone depending on elevation.
What is the name of Colombo 7?
Colombo 1- 15, Are You Familiar With These?
|Colombo||English Name||Sinhala Name|
What is Greater Colombo area?
37.31 km2 (14.41 sq mi) • Land. 699 km2 (270 sq mi) • Metro.
What is the biggest school in Sri Lanka?
Dharmapala Vidyalaya, Pannipitiya, established in 1942 on land owned by Anagarika Dharmapala, is the largest Co-educational school in Sri Lanka with about 8000 students and 600 academic staff.
|Dharmapala Vidyalaya Pannipitiya ධර්මපාල විද්යාලය පන්නිපිටිය|
How many lighthouses are in Sri Lanka?
There are 14 active lighthouses in Sri Lanka. Most of the lighthouses in Sri Lanka are operated and maintained by the Sri Lanka Ports Authority (SLPA). However several are operated by the Sri Lanka Navy, while some are inactive.
What is the biggest university in Sri Lanka?
The highest-ranking university in Sri Lanka is University of Peradeniya, which is ranked at number 401–500. Choosing where to study for a degree in Sri Lanka is one of the biggest decisions you will ever make.
Top universities in Sri Lanka.
|Sri Lanka Institute of Information Technology||Reporter|